Forgotten Fortress: Fort Millard Fillmore and Antebellum New Mexico 1851-1862 Richard Wadsworth

ISBN: 9781881325574

Published:

Hardcover

410 pages


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Forgotten Fortress: Fort Millard Fillmore and Antebellum New Mexico 1851-1862  by  Richard Wadsworth

Forgotten Fortress: Fort Millard Fillmore and Antebellum New Mexico 1851-1862 by Richard Wadsworth
| Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, ZIP | 410 pages | ISBN: 9781881325574 | 10.74 Mb

Fort Millard Fillmore, named for the thirteenth President of the United States, was the first U.S. Army fort established in southern New Mexico Territory. Its primary purpose was to control the various Apache bands that roamed throughout the area. AtMoreFort Millard Fillmore, named for the thirteenth President of the United States, was the first U.S. Army fort established in southern New Mexico Territory. Its primary purpose was to control the various Apache bands that roamed throughout the area. At one point, Fort Millard Fillmore in the New Mexico Territory, was the only American Army post in an area that stretched from central Texas to the California border, and from the current city of El Paso, Texas, north to the end of the desert region known as the Jornada del Muerto on the old Spanish road to Santa Fe.

It was one of the nations largest military posts of its era, accommodating up to five companies of troops when most contemporary Army forts housed just one or two companies. That was in 1851 when Lieutenant Colonel Dixon Stansbury Miles established Fort Fillmore just south of present Las Cruces, New Mexico. From Fort Fillmore the very first attempts to pacify or negotiate with the various Apache bands were made. Twice in its early history, troops stationed at the post came near fighting a war with Mexico which, before the Gadsden Purchase Treaty was formalized, lay just across the Rio Grande to the west.

For over a decade, Fort Fillmore provided safety to travelers, troops for excursions against Indian and bandit raiders, and was the stabilizing force necessary for the growth of the rich Mesilla Valley. It was near Fort Fillmore that Union and Confederate forces first clashed in the West during the American Civil War. Over forty general officers, important to the history of the American Civil War, walked the grounds there. Included were Confederate generals James Longstreet, Joseph Johnston, Albert Sidney Johnston, Barnard Bee, Joe Wheeler, and George Pickett.

Union generals included John Pope, Alfred Gibbs, Gabriel Paul, George Sykes, Israel Richardson, and Alexander McDowell McCook. Fort Millard Fillmore, once so important to our nation, is now almost forgotten save for its name.



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